How to write unit test for your Angular App

How to write unit test for your Angular App


Certainly! Writing unit tests in Angular involves using tools like Jasmine, TestBed, and other testing utilities provided by Angular. Let’s walk through the process of creating a simple unit test for an Angular service step by step.
For this example, let’s assume you have a service named MathService that provides basic math operations.
Step 1: Create the Service Create a file named math.service.ts for your service implementation.

// math.service.ts
import { Injectable } from ‘@angular/core’;

providedIn: ‘root’,
export class MathService {
add(a: number, b: number): number {
return a + b;

Step 2: Create the Test Create a file named math.service.spec.ts in the same directory to write your unit test.

// math.service.spec.ts
import { TestBed } from ‘@angular/core/testing’;
import { MathService } from ‘./math.service’;

describe(‘MathService’, () => {
let service: MathService;

beforeEach(() => {
service = TestBed.inject(MathService);

it(‘should be created’, () => {

it(‘should add two numbers correctly’, () => {
const result = service.add(2, 3);

Step by Step Explanation:

1. Import Required Modules: In the test file, import TestBed and the service you want to test.
2. Describe Block: Use the describe block to group your tests. The first argument is a description of what you’re testing (in this case, the MathService).
3. BeforeEach Block: Inside the beforeEach block, use TestBed.configureTestingModule({}) to configure the testing module. Here you can provide any modules, services, or dependencies your service relies on. In this simple case, we don’t need any additional configuration, so we pass an empty object.
4. Inject the Service: Use TestBed.inject(MathService) to create an instance of the MathService using the testing module’s injector. This makes the service available for testing.
5. First Test Case: The first test case checks if the service is created (toBeTruthy() checks if the value is not null or undefined). This is a basic test to ensure that the service can be instantiated.
6. Second Test Case: The second test case tests the add method of the service. We call the add method with inputs 2 and 3 and use expect(result).toBe(5) to verify that the addition is working correctly.

Step 3: Run the Test To run the test, you typically use the Angular CLI’s testing commands. Open your terminal and navigate to your project directory:

ng test

This command will initiate the test runner, and it will execute the tests in the files ending with .spec.ts. If everything is set up correctly, you should see the test results in your terminal